Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites ist die Bezeichnung für ein Weltkulturerbe der UNESCO in Großbritannien. Das im Jahr definierte. Stonehenge im Süden Englands weckte schon immer das Interesse von Historikern, Hobby-Historikern und – wenn wir ehrlich sind – allen anderen auch. Stonehenge ist ein wahrer Touristenmagnet, dessen Steine zu den bekanntesten der Welt gehören. Ich verrate euch heute, was euch an diesem mystischen Ort.
Stonehenge – die bekannteste Steinkreis-Anlage der WeltSteinkreisanlage Stonehenge – vielleicht die berühmteste Sehenwürdigkeit Englands. (Foto James Jang). Kurz-Zusammenfassung. Wer hat Stonehenge gebaut? Warum steht es, wo es steht? Und gibt es heute noch Neues über das Steinzeitmonument zu erfahren? Stonehenge [stəʊ̯n'hɛndʒ] ist ein vor über Jahren in der Jungsteinzeit errichtetes und mindestens bis in die Bronzezeit genutztes Bauwerk in der Nähe.
Stone Hange Navigation menu VideoThe History of Stonehenge for Kids: Stonehenge for Children - FreeSchool Stonehenge, prehistoric stone circle monument, cemetery, and archaeological site located on Salisbury Plain, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury, Wiltshire, England. It was built in six stages between 30BCE, during the transition from the Neolithic Period to the Bronze Age. Stonehenge can be crowded, so we recommend booking e-tickets ahead of time to secure your spot. If you book with Tripadvisor, you can cancel at least 24 hours before the start date of your tour for a full refund. See all Stonehenge tickets and tours on Tripadvisor.4/5(K). Stonehenge is a prehistoric World Heritage Site of megaliths eight miles (13 kilometers) north of Salisbury in Wiltshire, England. It is made of a henge, with standing stones in circles.. There were three main building phases, each between about BC and BC. The first circle, ~ BC, was made of ursitoarebotezbucuresti.com post holes for the timber have been found.
Stone Hange internet outage Filmposter las vegas. - Und wer hat Stonehenge gebaut?Jahrhunderts gelingen jetzt erstmals sichere Datierungen der Anlage in die erste Hälfte des 2.
Walaupun fase ini tampak menakjubkan, pembangunan Stonehenge tahap IIIc tampak kurang rapi jika dibandingkan dengan fase IIIb.
Sebagai contoh, batu biru yang ditegakkan memiliki fondasi yang tidak kokoh dan mulai tumbang. Terdapat dua lubang berbentuk melingkar yang terletak di luar monumen yang dikenal dengan nama lubang Y dan Z.
Lubang ini tidak pernah diisi dengan batu yang berkaitan dengan monumen. Lubang Y dan Z yang melingkar di luar monumen, merupakan konstruksi terakhir yang diketahui mengenai Stonehenge.
Kedua lingkaran lubang ini dibangun pada 1. Koin Romawi dan artefak abad pertengahan telah ditemukan di dalam dan di sekitar monumen, tetapi tidak ada bukti bahwa monumen ini dipergunakan setelah masa prasejarah Inggris, hingga saat ini.
Beberapa lokasi dan kejadian bersejarah berada di sekitar monumen ini. Sebuah benteng Vespasian dibangun di jalan menuju Avon. Pada tahun dari ekskavasi yang dilakukan di Stonehengen ditemukan orang Saxon dari abad 7 Masehi yang dipenggal kepalanya.
Usaha serius pertama untuk memahami monumen ini dilakukan sekitar tahun oleh William Stukeley. Stukeley menyatakan bahwa lokasi ini dibangun oleh kaum Druid , tetapi sumbangannya yang paling penting adalah mengambil gambar yang terukur mengenai lokasi Stonehenge sehingga dapat mendukung analisis yang lebih tepat tentang bentuk dan kepentingan situs tersebut.
Dari hasil kerja ini dia menunjukkan bahwa henge dan batunya disusun dalam bentuk tertentu untuk kepentingan astronomi. Cara bagaimana batu biru diangkut dari Wales telah banyak didiskusikan dan batu itu mungkin berasal dari Pembrokeshire dan dibawa ke Dataran Salisbury Salisbury Plain.
Banyak arkeolog percaya bahwa Stonehenge merupakan percobaan pengabadian bangunan yang terbuat dari kayu ke dalam bentuk batu.
Hal ini karena banyaknya bangunan yang terbuat dari kayu di Dataran Salisbury seperti Tembok Durrington. Monumen ini diselaraskan timur laut - barat daya dan sering difokuskan bahwa pembangun monumen ini membangunnya pada titik balik matahari dan equinox.
Sebagai contohnya, pada pertengahan pagi musim panas, matahari akan muncul tepat di puncak batu tumit heel stone , dan cahaya pertama matahari akan menuju ke bagian tengah Stonehenge di antara dua susunan batu berbentuk setengah lingkaran.
Banyak yang menyangsikan bahwa hal tersebut merupakan suatu kebetulan. Matahari muncul pada derajat yang berganti-ganti dan pada horison lansekap yang berlainan.
Penyelarasan ini merupakan dasar untuk menentukan bentuk dan tempat peletakan batu Stonehenge. The monument called Stonehenge was built in six stages between and BCE.
Stonehenge is constructed from sarsen stones, a type of silicified sandstone found in England, and bluestones , a dolomite variation extracted from western Wales.
There is debate surrounding the original purpose of Stonehenge. Stonehenge was not built by aliens. The claim gained popularity by way of the book Chariots of the Gods?
Stonehenge was built in six stages between and bce , during the transition from the Neolithic Period New Stone Age to the Bronze Age.
As a prehistoric stone circle, it is unique because of its artificially shaped sarsen stones blocks of Cenozoic silcrete , arranged in post-and-lintel formation , and because of the remote origin of its smaller bluestones igneous and other rocks from — miles — km away, in South Wales.
Stonehenge has long been the subject of historical speculation, and ideas about the meaning and significance of the structure continued to develop in the 21st century.
English antiquarian John Aubrey in the 17th century and his compatriot archaeologist William Stukeley in the 18th century both believed the structure to be a Druid temple.
Bones, tools and other artifacts found on the site seem to support this hypothesis. The first stage was achieved by Neolithic agrarians who were likely indigenous to the British Isles.
Later, it is believed, groups with advanced tools and a more communal way of life left their stamp on the site. Some have suggested that they were immigrants from the European continent, but many scientists think they were native Britons descended from the original builders.
If the facts surrounding the architects and construction of Stonehenge remain shadowy at best, the purpose of the arresting monument is even more of a mystery.
While historians agree that it was a place of great importance for over 1, years, we may never know what drew early Britons to Salisbury Plain and inspired them to continue developing it.
There is strong archaeological evidence that Stonehenge was used as a burial site, at least for part of its long history, but most scholars believe it served other functions as well—either as a ceremonial site, a religious pilgrimage destination, a final resting place for royalty or a memorial erected to honor and perhaps spiritually connect with distant ancestors.
In the s, the astronomer Gerald Hawkins suggested that the cluster of megalithic stones operated as an astronomical calendar, with different points corresponding to astrological phenomena such as solstices, equinoxes and eclipses.
More recently, signs of illness and injury in the human remains unearthed at Stonehenge led a group of British archaeologists to speculate that it was considered a place of healing, perhaps because bluestones were thought to have curative powers.
Stonehenge has undergone several restorations over the years, and some of its boulders have been set in concrete to prevent collapse. ITV News. Antiquity Publications Ltd,.
Retrieved 15 December FAQs on Stonehenge. English Heritage. Stonehenge Landscape. The plan had received opposition from a group of "archaeologists, environmentalists and modern-day druids" according to National Geographic but was supported by others who wanted to "restore the landscape to its original setting and improve the experience for visitors".
In February , archaeologists announced the discovery of the bronze age graves, late neolithic pottery and C-shaped enclosure on the intended site of the Stonehenge road tunnel.
Remains also contained a shale object in one of the graves, burnt flint in C-shaped enclosure and the final resting place of a baby.
In July , a study led by David Nash of the University of Brighton concluded that the large sarsen stones were "a direct chemical match" to those found at West Woods near Marlborough, Wiltshire , some 15 miles 25km north of Stonehenge.
First the fifty-two sarsens were analysed using methods including x-ray fluorescence spectrometry to determine their chemical composition which revealed they were mostly similar.
Then the core was destructively analysed and compared with stone samples from various locations in southern Britain. Fifty of the fifty-two megaliths were found to match sarsens in West Woods, thereby identifying the probable origin of the stones.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Stonehenge disambiguation. Neolithic henge monument in Wiltshire, England. UNESCO World Heritage Site.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Y and Z Holes. Main article: Theories about Stonehenge. See also: Archaeoastronomy and Stonehenge.
See also: Neolithic Europe and Chalcolithic Europe. Main article: Cultural depictions of Stonehenge. Similar sites See also: Stonehenge replicas and derivatives.
UNESCO : Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 22 September The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 11 March The Independent.
Archived from the original on 12 March BBC News. Archived from the original on 10 March Thinking Through Tourism.
English Heritage. Archived from the original on 2 June Retrieved 7 June The monument remained in private ownership until when Cecil Chubb, a local man who had purchased Stonehenge from the Antrobus family at an auction three years previously, gave it to the nation.
Thereafter, the duty to conserve the monument fell to the state, today a role performed on its behalf by English Heritage.
Stonehenge Landscape. National Trust. Archived from the original on 18 June Retrieved 17 December British Archaeology : Associated Press. Archived from the original on 4 September Retrieved 2 August Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Megalithic Europe. The Bradshaw Foundation. Archived from the original on 30 May Retrieved 6 November National Geographic Magazine.
National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on 28 September Internet Archaeology. Archived from the original on 18 July Retrieved 16 July University of Buckingham.
Archived from the original on 27 May Retrieved 15 January Blick Mead — a Mesolithic Site in the Stonehenge Landscape — Lecture Transcript".
Gresham College. Archived from the original on 16 January Stone-Henge Restored with Observations on Rules of Architecture.
London: Tho. Walter The Chorea Gigantum, Or, Stone-Heng Restored to the Danes. London: James Bettenham. Daily Telegraph.
Archived from the original on 19 December Retrieved 19 December Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 26 December March By posting your comment you agree to our house rules.
Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline? We will automatically post your comment and a link to the news story to your Facebook timeline at the same time it is posted on MailOnline.
To do this we will link your MailOnline account with your Facebook account. You can choose on each post whether you would like it to be posted to Facebook.
What do early findings reveal about the origin of Stonehenge? RELATED ARTICLES Previous 1 Next. Share this article Share. The heavy rocks weigh upwards of several tonnes each.
Read more: Archaeologists unearth bronze age graves at Stonehenge tunnel site UK news The Guardian. Share or comment on this article: Bronze age graves and neolithic pottery discovered near proposed Stonehenge tunnel e-mail 2k.
Comments Share what you think. View all. Add your comment. Last year a team of experts discovered a ring of shafts near Stonehenge that form what is believed to be the largest prehistoric monument ever discovered in Britain.
Tests carried out on the pits suggested they were dug by our Neolithic ancestors and archaeologists believe they may have served as a boundary to the sacred area.The earlier rituals were complemented by the Stonehenge Free Festivalloosely Phantastische Tierwesen 2 Stream German by Stone Hange Polytantric Circleheld between andduring which time the number of midsummer visitors had risen to around 30, Full aerial view of the Stonehenge site, Wiltshire, England. However, following a European Court of Human Rights ruling obtained by campaigners such as Arthur Uther Pendragonthe restrictions were lifted. This, the long distance human transport theory, was bolstered in by the discovery of a megalithic bluestone quarry at Craig Rhos-y-felinnear Ruby Goldberg in Pembrokeshire. Shows This Day In History Schedule Topics Stories. Submit Comment Clear. Sydney, Australia contributions 47 helpful votes. They compared Neolithic human DNA found across Britain with that of people alive at the same time in Europe. This was intended to eliminate the section of the A that runs close to the circle. Bukti fase kedua sudah Barbie 12 Tanzende Prinzessinnen terlihat lagi. Archived from the original on 19 December Well worth the trek. Tampilan Baca Perubahan tertunda Sunting Sunting sumber Versi terdahulu.